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Art and Culture

The Vesuvian territory is characterized by several examples of architectural and artistic as the Vesuvian Villas, museal examples such as the Virtual Archaeological Museum and the Museum of Pietrarsa and beautiful baroque churches and sanctuaries distributed over the territory.
 

VILLE VESUVIANE

It was 1738, when Charles of Bourbon and Maria Amalia of Saxony, his wife, chose the city of Portici to build a new palace and to initiate the excavations of the Roman city of Herculaneum.
From that moment all the nobles followed the Neapolitan Bourbon court and raised in the coastal area at the foot of Vesuvius some villas for their summer holidays, creating a unique architectural complex in the world for quantity and beauty.
Between the sea and the volcano in the stretch of road that runs between San Giorgio a Cremano and Torre del Greco, born palaces, woods, gardens and villas, buildings constructed by famous architects such as Luigi Vanvitelli, with amazing decorations able to transmit to anyone strong emotions that relive the lives of the nobles of the time.
The Vesuvius Villas are 122, including the territory of the towns of Naples, San Giorgio a Cremano, , Herculaneum and Torre del Greco.

Among the most important Villas we find:

San Giorgio a Cremano
Villa Bruno
Villa Vannucchi

Portici
Palazzo Reale con il magnifico bosco

Ercolano
Villa Campolieto con i magnifici giardini
Villa Ruggiero
Villa Favorita con i magnifici giardini, direttamente sul mare
Villa Aprile
Villa Signorini

Torre del Greco
Palazzo Vallelonga
Villa del Cardinale
Villa Guerra
Villa Macrina
Villa delle Ginestre, la dimora di Giacomo Leopardi

 

MAV Virtual Archaeological Museum

The Virtual Archaeological Museum (MAV) is a must in order to discover, with the aid of multimedia technologies, the life and customs of the ancient Romans.
A path made attractive by innovative virtual effects, which allow visitors to retrace the cardi and decumani of Roman cities, to meet the holograms of the ancient citizens going about their daily occupations, and to deepen the knowledge of Roman Civilation in an interactive mode
Impossible to tell the suggestions of this virtual journey: we can only tell, for example, the entrance to the Cave, where the power of simulation touches its peak , as there is a reconstruction of the extraordinary Villa of the Papyri.
 

PIETRARSA MUSEUM

Pietrarsa Museum in Portici

Pietrarsa Museum in Portici

Realized in 1842 by King Ferdinand I of Bourbon, was an impressive and innovative workshop for the construction of the locomotives.
here was realized the first railway line of the south with the line Naples/Portici , and today preserves in exhibition majestic and ancient vintage locomotives.
A curiosity is that the initial production of the Opificio was quite polyhedral, so as to include among the products rolled off also many statues and works of art. Among these should be mentioned, in particular, the statue of the king himself, located on the forecourt of the factory on the opposite side of the entrance, representing the king in the act of ordering the foundation of the workshops. The colossal statue, resting on a pedestal, is one of the largest representations of cast iron that have ever been cast in Italy.
The location of the Museum makes it pleasant to visit, its huge historical buildings are in fact on the sea, and passing from one pavilion to another is possible to walk on the pier. Massive multi-purpose building, in addition to being a museum, offers a variety of spaces for cultural events, and art exhibitions.
 

CHURCHES AND SANCTUARIES

The Sanctuary of the Madonna di Pugliano of Herculaneum

The Sanctuary of the Madonna di Pugliano of Herculaneum

The Sanctuary of the Madonna di Pugliano of Herculaneum
Known for being the first to practice the Marian cult in Campania, it is also one of the oldest in the area, its origins have been dated around the year one thousand. Inside it preserves precious works of ‘300: the black crucifix of 1300, the wooden Madonna Bruna called Puglianella of the Florentine school of 1300 and Roman sarcophagi, stored in one of the side chapels belonging to the first and third centuries AD.

Church of Santa Croce in Torre del Greco
A church dedicated to the invention of S. Cross of Jesus was built in the early sixteenth century with the money raised through the donations of citizenship, founded and run by lay people belonging to the University. It was completely destroyed by the lava during the eruption of 1794, only the tower remained standing, the only original element of Renaissance art. For the most part the church has a baroque style. From the city port its view is suggestive on the Gulf of Naples.

Sanctuary of Pompeii

Sanctuary of Pompeii

Sanctuary of Pompeii

It ‘a sanctuary built at different times. The original has a Latin cross with a single nave, was built between 1876 and 1891. To accommodate the many faithful, between 1934 and 1939, the sanctuary was expanded, going from one to three naves, keeping the cross structure
Its origin is due to a mystical vision following which it was decided to promote the construction of the Sanctuary. Over the years, the Basilica has become a matter both for religious orders who lead it, that for the strong devotion of the faithful to the cult of the Virgin Mary., Of great impact is the painting on the altar depicting the Virgin, attributed to the school of Luca Giordano.